There’s still time to Take Charge!
In today’s health-focused landscape, many books, videos and articles focus on diabetes, a serious global issue. But we should also be aware of pre-diabetes — the precursor of type 2 diabetes.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), most cases of pre-diabetes, if left untreated, evolve into type 2 over the span of five years — which gives you time to turn the tide as best as you can, once you know you have it.
The CDC reports that in 1 in 3 (84 million) Americans are living with pre-diabetes, and, of those with pre-diabetes, 90 percent don’t know they have it.
It’s best to check with your healthcare provider about getting tested to determine if your blood sugar is above normal.
Two tests can check your blood sugar. The fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) is a simple blood test. You cannot eat anything right hours before the exam. If your blood glucose exceeds 100mg/DL, you have pre-diabetes.
The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is another blood test that requires eight hours of fasting. There’s an added step: Your provider measures your blood glucose levels when you first arrive for your visit. This is your fasting glucose level. Shortly after, you’ll drink a sugary substance and your blood glucose will be tested again two hours later. If your blood glucose exceeds 140mg/DL, you have pre-diabetes.
From here, you should treat your pre-diabetes diagnosis as you would a type 2 diagnosis, beginning with some lifestyle changes. A new diet, workout routine and consistent regimen may help you turn the situation around. Your healthcare team will take your age, height, weight and any other health conditions into account when helping you come up with a plan. In addition to speaking with your healthcare team, you can refer to the many articles on this site to help you take charge of making the necessary changes.